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Tuesday, March 21, 2017

The types of drugs and their effects;

Drugs, cannabis, cocaine, heroin, amphetamine, MDMA / Ecstasy, GHB, Ketamine, Hallucinogens / LSD and the like;

Drugs, their effects, symptoms, consequences;

Identifying a drug user:

Parents who suspect that their teenager is taking drugs may have difficulty to recognizing 
the physical symptoms of intoxication. Here are the visible signs to identify a user:

Cannabis:

When cannabis is smoked, it produces quasi-installed effects on the brain. 
The person who is addicted to cannabis may have various symptoms, 
such as redness of the eyes, spontaneous bursts of laughter, slight motor difficulties. 
It is common for the user to experience intense hunger, because cannabis can cause 
hypoglycemia, it can have the appearance of paranoia, anxiety, hallucination. 
Cannabis can cause moderate dependence on some users 
and its long-term use has undesirable effects. The abusive consumer will become apathetic, 
passive, his interests and ambition will diminish and his academic or professional 
performance will be affected. Cannabis causes deficiencies of attention, 
concentration or memory holes. His user will experience a marked decrease in his libido. 
Cannabis can cause cardiovascular problems because it contains more tar than tobacco.

Cocaine:

Cocaine is a major stimulant of the central nervous system. 
It carries a high risk of dependency, which will be increased 
if the user injects the drug or smokes it in the form of crack or free base. 
Cocaine causes intense euphoria in the consumer, due to its action on 
dopaminergic neurons, which are responsible for the sensations of pleasure. 
This drug also allows the user to remain in a state of awakening. 
A person who has taken cocaine will be euphoric, often very talkative and energetic. 
Cocaine causes dilation of the pupils, an increase in heart rate and sometimes nervous tics. 
Regular consumer risks to losing weight due to the anorectic effect of the substance. 
For example, smokers may have mouth sores and dental caries, while those who take 
it intra-nasally will have problems with congestion or runny nose. 
The consumption of cocaine can cause a depletion of the reserve in the neurotransmitter 
of the user and it will be risky to have difficulty to feel pleasure because his brain 
no longer produces enough dopamine. This is one of the reasons why it can be difficult 
to give up cocaine. The use of cocaine may be associated with a higher risk of contracting 
sexually transmitted infections. An overdose of cocaine will cause heart problems, 
respiratory depression and convulsions. Cocaine is the drug that causes the most deaths 
from overdose.

Amphetamines:

Symptoms of amphetamine poisoning are often very similar to those of the cocaine user. 
Both Drugs belong to the same category, major stimulants and stimulate neurotransmitters, 
although the mechanisms of action are somewhat different. 
Young people use amphetamine-type stimulants as oral tablets. 
The use of amphetamines has the effect of increasing energy, increasing the ability 
to perform simple tasks affected by fatigue, giving an impression of greater physical 
strength and intellectual acuity, and provoking certain euphoria. 
People with amphetamines will have dilated pupils and dry mouth, 
sometimes have tremors and their respiratory response may be faster. 
Amphetamine use often causes weight loss. Consumers of this type of substance are 
at risk of experiencing toxic psychosis, characterized by hallucinations, delusions of size 
or persecution, and hostile and violent behavior.

MDMA / Ecstasy:

Since MDMA has a chemical structure similar to that of amphetamines, 
consumers may exhibit euphoria, sensation of awakening, etc. 
This drug has hallucinogenic properties, and effects that other amphetamine derivatives 
do not have, it acts on perceptions and promotes sensual behaviors and generates 
the need to get closer to others and communicate. Symptoms include pupil dilation, 
intense thirst, sweating, increased heart rate, the appearance of mild motor tics 
and urinary retention. Paradoxically, MDMA, the drug of love, often has the effect 
of decrease libido and impair sexual arousal and expectation of orgasm. 
The consequences are that the long-term consumer is likely to become depressed, 
lose weight and develop skin problems.

The GHB:

Gamma hydroxybutyrate is a depressant of the central nervous system in the same 
way as alcohol. Its acute effects at the usual doses resemble very much those presented 
by someone who would have had a drink too many. About ten minutes after taking 
a usual dose of GHB, usually oral, the consumer will be disinhibited, careless, 
and sometimes euphoric. This drug, at high doses, can induce drowsiness and impair 
the coordination of movements. It can also cause loss of memory and stunning that 
can last up to some day after an episode of consumption.

Ketamine:

Ketamine is usually consumed intra-nasally. The effects begin to feel less than five 
minutes after taking and last about an hour. With low doses, the user will experience 
slightly psychedelic effects and will feel like a dream. The higher doses cause 
the dissociation and disappearance of body sensations. The user may feel that 
he is no longer inside his body. Symptoms, among the effects of ketamine are 
the difficulties of speech, motor disturbances up to temporary paralysis, a reduction 
of the respiratory rhythm and an increase in blood pressure and heart rate. 
Given the mode of consumption, it happens that the user is bleeding from the nose. 
The consequence is that ketamine can cause memory holes. Individuals who use chronic 
ketamine may develop significant memory dysfunction, attention deficit disorder, 
and impairment of vision.

Hallucinogens / LSD and the like:

The symptoms are that one can suspect that an individual has consumed hallucinogens
when he appears disoriented and completely disconnected from the reality.
Tremors, chills, dilated pupils and coordination disorders may be potential
clues. Hallucinogens, including LSD and psilocybin fungi, do not appear to be
physically dependent. Some people may be psychologically addicted, but they are
not the majority of consumers. Very high doses of these substances can cause
convulsions, hyperthermia or cardiac arrhythmias. Several cases of suicide
where these drugs were involved were noted.

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