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Sunday, June 29, 2014

The signs and consequences of malaria;

What are characterizes of brain injury?

What are the main types of cerebral malaria?

What is the cause of chronic malaria?

Signs and consequences of malaria access, there are three main types of cerebral malaria; 

The Simple intermittent fever:

1.    This consists three phases of a simple intermittent fever;
2.    Including the invasion phase;
3.    The state phase;
4.    And the resolution phase.

The invasion phase

1.    Lasts three to five days;
2.    This phase is characterized by symptoms and signs misleading as stomach upsets, fever, severe headache, vomiting, and nausea.

The state phase

1.    Results in extreme fatigue;
2.    Feeling of intense cold but relatively short duration, with chills and sensations of heat, accompanied with high fever;
3.    The temperature rising to 41ºC, sometimes profuse sweating, and headache insistent;
4.    During the crisis the liver is large, sensitive spleen is abnormally developed;
5.    The patient often shows a slight mental confusion, and rare yellow urine, pale due to anemia.

The resolution phase

1.    At the end of the crisis, the fever profuse sweating, the patient experiences a feeling of well;
2.    This phase lasts five to seven days and must be treated quickly;
3.    Otherwise it can lead to cerebral malaria.  

Access pernicious

1.    Lasts three to four days and it occurs after access from ordinary malaria;
2.    Chronic resistance is abruptly weakened or trigger immediately;
3.    This access is announced by various disorders, such as fatigue, feeling abnormal and sustained cold, nervous and respiratory disorders including anemia and dehydration, hallucination and loss of consciousness;
4.    Repeated crises cause severe anemia and death;
5.    Children are more vulnerable to crises of pernicious;
6.    There are three main types of cerebral malaria.

The brain injury

1.    Brain injury is characterized by high temperatures and variable cooling periodic alternation of excitement and stupor;
2.    Coma with respiratory problems;
3.    Heavy liver and urine rare.

Allegis form

1.    The patient is dehydrated;
2.    Anemic, pale, sunken eyes;
3.    Rapid pulse and temperature between 34 and 36ºC.

The visceral injury

1.    Especially in small children malaria visceral scalable due to insufficient development of their immune system against Plasmodium falciparum;
2.    Untreated when they were re-infected and weakened either by hepatitis, intolerance foods or by under nutrition or malnutrition;
3.    It is noted in these cases fatigue, and a very large spleen;
4.    A very large liver;
5.    Severe anemia with ashen face;
6.    Discolored mucous;
7.    Shortness of breath and rapid breathing with difficulties. 

Chronic malaria

1.    It is a consequence of frequent re-infections patients;
2.    This case is associated with anemia, enlarged liver, and a big spleen because of fever;
3.    Malaria is sometimes responsible for kidney damage;
4.    Anopheles is vector and the cause of lymphatic filarial and certain encephalitis virus.
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