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Saturday, March 21, 2015

Medical plants Marula benefits;

Botanical information on Marula tree leaves and fruits;

Marula tree description;

The Marula tree;

The genus name of the Marula is Sclerocarya, The specific name is birrea; The Marula tree is a deciduous tree that grows up to 18m tall and is found in various types of woodlands favoring sandy soils and sometimes sandy loam soils. It is a well-known component of the vegetation type known as savannah and is also found on forest margins at low to medium altitude.  

The Marula trunk;

The trunk is erect and has spreading, rounded crown. The leaves are compound with 3 to 7 sub opposite pairs of leaflets plus a terminal one. The leaflets are slightly asymmetric and have entire margins, but the leaflets of juvenile growth are distinctly toothed. The Marula trees are dioecious, this means having separate genders, the male trees produce the pollen and the female trees produce the fruit.

The marula fruits;

The fruits are fleshy and almost spherical that ripens to yellow. They have large, woody stones that have two or three seeds.

Botanical information on Marula Tree:

The botanical name of Marula is Sclerocarya birrea, and is a single-stemmed tree with a wide-spreading, round crown and characteristic grey, mottled bark, peeling in disc-shaped flakes. It is a tall, deciduous tree (15-20m high). The compound leaves are grey-green in color, but turn pale yellow prior to being shed. Denuded of leaves, the top branches appear abnormally thick and erect, like upturned fingers. The tree remains bare for several months of the year.
 
The Marula tree fruits and leaves;


It is best known for its golf ball-sized fruit, which it bears in profusion during summer. They are round to oval, green when young, and becoming butter-yellow as they ripen. The thick, soft, leathery exocarp encloses a white, slimy fruit pulp and a large, hard, woody stone. The seeds contained therein are white and nut-like.

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