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Friday, February 14, 2014

The benefits of vitamin B8;

The symptoms of biotin vitamin B8 deficiency;

What is the benefit of vitamin B8?

Essential role of vitamin B8; vitamin B8 so called biotin, is necessary for cell growth, the production of fatty acids and the metabolism of fats and amino acids.
1.    It plays a role in the citric acid cycle that is the process by which biochemical energy is generated during aerobic respiration.
2.    Biotin, besides to assist in various metabolic reactions, it also helps to transfer carbon dioxide.
3.    It is helpful again in maintaining a steady blood sugar level.
4.    Vitamin B8 is often recommended as a dietary supplement for strengthening hair and nails, thus biotin is found in many cosmetics and health products for hair and skin.

Sources of vitamin B8:

1.    Biotin is supplied from a wide range of food sources in the diet but only few of these foods are particularly rich source.
2.    Foods with high biotin content include Swiss chard, raw egg yolk; however, consumption of the egg whites with egg yolks minimizes the effectiveness of egg’s yolk biotin in the body, liver, Saskatoon berries, leafy green vegetables and peanuts.
3.    Biotin is also available in supplement form and can be found in most pharmacies.

Factors that affect biotin requirements:

1.    Incidence of low circulating biotin levels in alcoholics has been found to be greater than in the general population.
2.    And also in elderly individuals.
3.    Pregnancy and lactation may be associated with an increased demand for biotin.
4.    Additionally, smoking may further accelerate biotin catabolism in women.
5.    Biotin is not considered as toxic, because both humans and animals could tolerate doses of at least an order of magnitude greater than each of their nutritional requirements. 

Biotin deficiency:

1.    It is rare and unusual to get deficiency in vitamin B8, because the intestinal bacteria produce biotin in excess of the body’s daily requirements.
2.    However, a number of metabolic disorders exist in which an individual’s metabolism of biotin is abnormal.
3.    Pregnant women tend to have a high risk of biotin deficiency.
4.    Nearly half of pregnant women have abnormal increases of 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid that reflects reduced status of biotin.
5.    Possible biotin deficiency during the pregnancy may cause infant’s congenital malformation, such as cleft palate.
6.    So, even a mild level of the mother’s biotin deficiency that does not reach the appearance of physiological deficiency signs may cause serious consequences in the infants.
7.    Deficiency can occur by consuming of raw egg whites, two or more daily for several months, due to the avidin they contain, a protein which binds strongly, with biotin, making it like unavailable.  

Symptoms of biotin deficiency:

1.    Include hair loss, conjunctivitis, and dermatitis in the form of a scaly, red rash around the eyes, nose, mouth, and genital area.
2.    Neurological symptoms in adults, like depression, lethargy, hallucination, numbness, and tingling of the extremities.
3.    Individuals with hereditary disorders of biotin deficiency have evidence of impaired immune system function, including susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections.
4.    Hair loss can progress in severity to include loss of eyelashes and eyebrows in severely deficient subjects, as well as nails that break, chip or flake easily. 

Benefits of Vitamin B8:

1.    Biotin supplement, diabetics may benefit from biotin supplement, in both insulin dependent and insulin independent diabetics deficient in biotin, as supplement with biotin can improve blood sugar control and help lower fasting blood glucose levels.
2.    Biotin can also play a role in preventing the neuropathy often associated with diabetics, reducing the numbness and tingling happened with poor glucose control.
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