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Saturday, May 26, 2012

Food minerals;

How to maintain optimal health by chemical element?

 What are the advantages of food minerals?

Most useful mineral nutrients;

Food minerals or dietary minerals are known also as mineral nutrients, which are the chemical elements required by living organisms, other than the four basic elements, such as, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen, present in common organic molecules, see also the benefits of mineral salts.

Some of the main dietary minerals

Among the major food minerals are calcium, selenium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, zinc, and iodine. Most minerals that enter into the dietary physiology of organisms consist of simple chemical elements.

Global cycling and formation of biological minerals

The large aggregates of minerals need to be broken down for absorption. Bacteria play a great role in the weathering of primary minerals that result in the release of nutrition for their own and for others in the ecological food chain. Therefore microorganisms have at all times an essential role in the global cycling and formation of biological minerals.

How food chain occurs

Plants absorb the dissolved minerals in soils, and then subsequently, these plants are picked up by the herbivores, so the minerals move up to the food chain.

How some living supply minerals

Some kinds of animals and birds consume soils or lick salty earths, and clays to get mineral elements, particularly those animals and birds found in nutrient-poor area ecosystems. Clays release minerals and absorb other cat ions as part of the same process of cat ions exchange. Some people consume certain types of clays to extract minerals they have lacked in their food, namely in certain stats and stages of their lives, such as the pregnant women and children. 

Essential chemical elements

There are about sixteen at least chemical elements required to support biochemical processes by serving structural and functional roles as well as electrolytes, as many as 26 elements are suggested to be used by mammals, in spite of lot of these elements are no well defined and known biochemical function at present.

Specificity of mineral nutrients

Most of the dietary elements are relatively low atomic weight and reasonably common on the land and in the ocean. Most minerals are inorganic in nature. But the mineral nutrients refer to the smaller class of minerals that are metabolized for growth, development, and vitality of living organisms.

How mineral nutrients cycle

Mineral nutrients are recycled by bacteria that freely suspended in the water of the oceans and seas. The bacteria absorb the dissolved organic matter containing mineral nutrients as they scavenge through the dying individuals that fall out of large phytoplankton blooms. Mineral nutrients cycle through the food chain, via bacteria and phytoplankton to flagellates and zoo-plankton and then eaten by fish. The important of the bacteria in this process is their ability to absorb the dissolved mineral nutrients from the water. These recycling principals from marine environment apply to many soil and freshwater ecosystem as well.

Most useful mineral nutrients

The following dietary elements are the most useful mineral nutrients that play important roles in biological processes, thus, potassium, chlorine, sodium, calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, zinc, iron, manganese, copper, iodine, selenium, molybdenum, and others with small quantities or traces.

Blood concentrations

Dietary minerals are present in a healthy being bloods at certain mass and molar. 

Dietary supplements

Dietary elements are best supplied by consuming specific foods rich with the chemical elements of interest. The elements may be presented in the food naturally, like calcium in dairy milk, or can be added to the food, like orange juice fortified with calcium, iodized salt etc. Dietary supplements can be formulated to contain several different chemical elements, in the form of compounds, or a combination, or mixture of vitamins, and other chemical compounds. Dietary focus on chemical elements derives from an interest in supporting the biochemical reactions of metabolism with the required elemental components.

How to maintain optimal health

Appropriate intake levels of certain chemical elements are essential to maintain optimal health. Diet can meet all the body's chemical element requirements, but when those requirements are not adequately met by the diet, supplements can be used and added to the diet. It is found that when chronic or acute deficiencies arise from pathology or injury etc. the altering inorganic minerals compounds such as carbonates and oxides by reacting them with organic matter like amino, organic acid, etc. improves the bio-availability of the supplemented mineral.
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