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Monday, October 28, 2013

The importance of rural development;

What are the principles of rural development?

What are the basic actions of rural development?

What are rural areas?

Rural areas; nearly almost all countries in the world have rural areas, which are lands and large areas, lived by peasants and countrymen, who work generally in agriculture, breeding, fishing, etc…

The main features of rural life

In most countries the features of rural life are the lack of infrastructures, low life expectancy, and low productivity, high rates of infant mortality, illnesses, malnutrition, and illiteracy combined to discourage rural economic growth. 

Rural development

Rural development refers obviously, to the increasing of productivity and improving the quality and standards of living in rural areas, as well as the economic, well being of people finding themselves in relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. 

Practice and principles of rural development

Rural development has traditionally focused on the exploitation of land incentive natural resources, like agriculture and forestry.
1.    However the great changes in global production networks and also the increased urbanization have influenced the character of rural areas.
2.    Increasingly tourism, niche manufacturers, and recreation have replaced resource extraction and agriculture as dominant economic drivers.
3.    The need for rural communities to approach development from a wider perspective has created more focus on a broad range of development goals rather than merely creating incentive for agricultural or resource based businesses.
4.    Education, entrepreneurship, physical and social infrastructures all play an important role in developing rural regions. 
5.    Rural development is also characterized by its emphasis on locally produced economic development strategies. 
6.    Rural areas are highly distinctive from one to another as in contrast to urban regions, which have many similarities.
7.    For this reason there is a large variety of rural development approaches used globally.

The basic actions of rural development

Mainly and mostly actions for rural development are the aim for social and economic development of the rural areas, some like:
1.    Renewal villages as an instrument of developing the lifestyle of communities living in these areas are good examples.
2.    Rural development programs are usually top down from the local or regional authorities, regional development agencies, NGOs, national governments, or international development organizations.
3.    The term of rural development is not limited to the issues for developing countries.
4.    In realty, many of the developed countries have very active rural development programs.   

The role of local populations:

1.    The main aims of rural developing policy are to develop the undeveloped villages.
2.    Rural development means finding the ways to improve the rural lives with participation of the rural people themselves so as to meet the required need of the rural area.
3.    The outsider may not understand the setting, culture, language, and other things prevalent in the local area.
4.    Thus, the people themselves have to participate in their sustainable rural development; they should bring about endogenous initiatives for development.
Basic development blog!

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